At Holland and Holland the wood used is 500 year old Turkish walnut. The bench shows some hand made gouges in the foreground and some old “turnscrews”(size screw drivers) laying across the surface. The original leg vice is still used because it allows to hold much deeper things than bench vices do. The handle is long to allow massive leverage to squeeze the job very firmly with little effort. Ian, the figure in the foreground, is “making off” the blade of a stock with a special type of wood file called a “Rasp”pushing away from himself with forearms.
The figure in the background is using a draw knife, pulling towards himself to remove large amounts of wood relatively quickly and the pair to it is resting against the bench with the barrels facing down. The guns are always kept them this way up so that lubricants from the action parts don’t soak into the wood.That makes them soft and rotten, nearly all re stocks have soft rotten heads on the stock after owners squirt loads of lubricant down the firing pin holes thinking that they will keep the wood from going rusty.